Managing Xen Patches with Git
This document assumes that you are familiar with the following documents
- Xen Project Repositories
- Submitting Xen Project Patches - the document explains conventions related to cover letters, *-by tags, etc. as well as the tooling involved in sending patches and patch series
It lays out basic examples and best practice of how to use Git to manage Xen patches as part of the submission process.
Similar documents exist for
- StGit, a Python application providing similar functionality to Quilt (i.e. pushing/popping patches to/from a stack) on top of Git. You can find instructions at Managing Xen Patches with StGit.
Generating an initial Patch or Patch Series
Begin by cloning the git repo from XenProject.org:
$ git clone git://xenbits.xenproject.org/xen.git xen.git
At this point you should have
xenbits set up as the remote repostiory called "origin":
$ git branch -a * master remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master remotes/origin/master remotes/origin/stable-4.0 remotes/origin/stable-4.1 remotes/origin/stable-4.2 remotes/origin/staging remotes/origin/staging-4.0 remotes/origin/staging-4.1 remotes/origin/staging-4.2
This process automatically creates a local branch called
master that will track the XenProject.org branch called
The branch called
staging is the bleeding-edge of commits; this is tested regularly with the
xen.org build and regression testing system, and when it pases, is pushed to the
master branch. It is suggested to develop patches based on the
Create a branch for your changes
When you want to introduce a change, start by making a new branch based on the most recent change in the
$ git checkout -b out/trondle-calls master Switched to a new branch 'out/trondle-calls'
Develop and Test your change
Then edit the source files you want to change. You can see which files have changed by using
Commit your change to your branch
When you're done editing, use
git add to specify which file changes you want included in the changeset, and then use
git commit to make a commit. You will be prompted to make a changset description. The conventions related to what should be in commit messages are described in Submitting Xen Project Patches. The example below is merely intended to explain the necessary git commands: when you submit patches you will likely need more detail than shown in this document.
$ git status # On branch out/trondle-calls # Changes not staged for commit: # (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed) # (use "git checkout -- <file>..." to discard changes in working directory) # # modified: foobar/zot.c # modified: foobar/zot.h # no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a") $ git add foobar/zot.c foobar/zot.h $ git commit
Alternatively, you can commit all changes using "git commit -a":
$ git commit -a
foobar: Add a new trondle calls Add a some new trondle calls to the foobar interface to support the new zot feature. Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <email@example.com>
Patches vs. Patch Series
Every single commit you make on your branch becomes a patch when you submit it. If your change consists of multiple commits, you will be committing a patch series. Information related to Xen Project conventions around patches and patch series can be found here.
Sending a patch to xen-devel@
You can find instructions on how to send patches in our Patch Submission Guide.
Changes based on staging
If you want to make a local branch based on
staging rather than
master (for example, to fix a changeset which has caused the XenProject.org nightly testing to fail), you can do the following:
$ git checkout -b staging remotes/origin/staging Branch staging set up to track remote branch staging from origin. Switched to a new branch 'staging'
Then in the commands above, you would use "staging" instead of "master" as the base branch. ...